The Upper Harz, Goslar and Walkenried Monastery –

power and wealth through mineral resources

Mining towns boom and stagnate with the raw materials that caused them to exist. The towns of the Upper Harz have left behind a World Heritage region with a rich cultural heritage of architecture and urban development.

The prosperity of Goslar and Walkenried Monastery resulted from the participation in mining, technical knowledge of the industry and the trade with the ore. For an entire millennium the mining town grew as a business and trading location based on a mediaeval layout. Technologically skilled monks from Walkenried were active in the business of mining for three centuries on the Rammelsberg and in the Upper Harz. Their »mediaeval monastery business« created one of the richest Cistercian monasteries in Europe on the southern edge of the Harz.

Since the 16th century the ore mining in the Upper Harz, with its water management system and the foundation of seven "free mining towns" has heavily influenced the landscape. The prosperity of the towns from the 17th to the 19th centuries is demonstrated by many buildings and also the Mining and Smelting School, which in 1775 became the Mining Academy and today is the Clausthal University of Technology.

The short video above introduces the theme "Architecture & settlements" in pictures.

The cultural heritage of the architecture & settlements can best be explored on a guided tour.

© Hansjörg Hoerseljau

© Hansjörg Hoerseljau

© Stefan Sobotta

© Stefan Sobotta

© ZMKW, Foto: Brigitte Moritz

© Stefan Sobotta

© Hansjörg Hoerseljau

© Hansjörg Hoerseljau


World Heritage in the Harz

Cultural diversity amid breathtaking landscapes: the UNESCO World Heritage in the Harz

At the World Heritage Site Mines of Rammelsberg, Historic Town of Goslar and Upper Harz Water Management System a wide range of museums and monuments await your visit. Discover this treasure of human history.

Rammesberg Mine

Experience the place where mining in the Harz first started.

In the museum buildings and in the mine installations above and below ground you will gain unique insights into more than 1000 years of history of the ore mining at the Rammelsberg.

On the Move

Your personal tour through the World Heritage

Hiking or cycling, motorized or guided tours – there are many ways to explore the UNESCO World Heritage in the Harz. Be inspired by the wide range of offers.


Today in the Middle Ages

Visit the oldest part of the UNESCO World Heritage in the Harz at the Cistercian Museum Walkenried Monastery. With its sensual and creative design within the Gothic monastery complex, it brings the Middle Ages to life.


Go on a journey of discovery by reading your way through the UNESCO World Heritage in the Harz

On 64 pages, the brochure will give you an overview of everything the UNESCO World Heritage in the Harz has to offer. Enjoy browsing through it!


Starting point for the original locations

The Information Centres of the World Heritage Site Mines of Rammelsberg, Historic Town of Goslar and Upper Harz Water Management System inform you in fascinating exhibitions about the UNESCO World Heritage in the Harz and what it offers for tourists.